X-Rayted Files: Nine and a Half Facts About Unknown Radiation

As we kick off 2022, we thought it would be a good idea to give you a break from another column, talking about “what’s next” after COVID. Yes, the pandemic still here, inflation is kicking in, labor shortages are an issue, supply chains are still disrupted. But let’s take a break from all that and have some fun with X-rays. How about going over some facts that you may (or may not) know about X-rays? 

  1. “I didn’t think, I investigated,” said Wilhelm Roentgen when asked what he first thought upon discovering the X-ray in 1895. He was awarded the inaugural Nobel Prize for Physics in 1901, and his discovery proceeded to change the course of medicine and science immeasurably. We’ve been using his discovery to investigate ever since.
  2. The “X” in X-ray stands for “unknown.” We understand them much better now than at the time of their discovery, and now use them to reveal the unknown. 
  3. X-ray machines were used in shoe stores as “fitting” machines. Before the dangers associated with radiation were understood, systems like the Foot-o-Scope were used in better shoe stores to confirm the ideal fit of those new kicks. Despite safety concerns, these machines could still be found in use well into the 1970s. Oops!
  4. X-rays were once used for cosmetic hair removal. Hundreds of salons in Europe and the United States offered this treatment.  It was a high price to pay for beauty, and the practice persisted for decades after the dangers of radiation were understood. 
  5. When her scientific work was put on hold during World War I, Marie Curie wanted to do something to help the war effort. Rather than develop weapons of war, she came up with the novel idea of placing an X-ray machine on the back of a van. It was deployed to the front lines to help surgeons save wounded soldiers. The very first X-ray van! Thank you, Madam for the inspiration. 
  6. Wilhelm Roentgen didn’t patent the discovery of the X-ray because he thought this technology would have critical positive impact on society. He was right, and the world benefited enormously from open use of his discovery. X-ray is considered the most important medical discovery in history. That’s pretty high praise considering the competition, but it speaks to the value of being able to see inside without having to otherwise disturb anything.
  7. The first X-ray image was of Roentgen’s wife’s hand. The beauty of that image, wedding ring and all, still inspires us today. I actually marvel at the resolution of this inaugural image, not to mention it’s outsized influence on the century plus that followed.
  8. Just weeks after Roentgen announced the discovery of X-rays, surgeons in Europe started using X-rays to find foreign objects inside patients. In 1895, the same year of its discovery, X-ray imaging saved the life of a soldier by locating a bullet lodged in his leg.
  9. The field of paleoradiology involves the examination of antiquities using X-ray imaging. It has changed the way we look at antique artifacts, like a corpse inside a Chinese statue, that can be carefully examined while remaining undisturbed. Think Raiders of the Lost Ark, but without the raiding. Even the works of Picasso have been better understood when examined by X-ray. Imaging of his work “The Crouching Beggar” reveal a number of times that the artist changed his mind and revised the background landscape by painting over it. And it was all done without damaging or disturbing this priceless painting. I know, Picasso is not more paleo than Wonder bread, but work with me here. 

9½. X-rays are used every day to find defects in electronic assemblies—voids, shorts, counterfeit detection, etc. They help us investigate, innovate, and develop the highest quality products across virtually every industry. Once in a while we should stop and take a look back at innovations such as the discovery and evolution of X-ray and X-ray machines. It’s worthwhile to reflect on the influence of such technologies, both the good they have done as well as the harm they may have caused before they were fully understood. 

Happy New Year to all. Thanks for taking this look down memory lane with me. I hope that you, like myself, find inspiration as well as a bit of entertainment from these fun facts. While X-ray’s help us to see so much that is otherwise hidden from view, they can’t help us see the future.  Though the rays representing the coming year remain unknown as well, I’ll take a shot in the dark and guess that they are extremely bright. 

Dr. Bill Cardoso is CEO of Creative Electron. 

 

Back

2022

X-Rayted Files: Nine and a Half Facts About Unknown Radiation

01-26-2022

As we kick off 2022, we thought it would be a good idea to give you a break from another column, talking about “what’s next” after COVID. Yes, the pandemic still here, inflation is kicking in, labor shortages are an issue, supply chains are still disrupted. But let’s take a break from all that and have some fun with X-rays. How about going over some facts that you may (or may not) know about X-rays?

View Story
Back

2021

X-Rayted Files: 2022's Word of the Year is... Resilience

12-29-2021

On balance, this last year goes down as a pretty good one. While we are not as far along in putting the pandemic behind us as we might have hoped, the progress is promising. The economic recovery has been remarkable, despite persistent supply chain woes and (transitory?) inflationary pressures. With consumer demand high, and signs of relief regarding the supply chain, the coming year and its prospect of a return to “normal” will likely offer substantial opportunities, though we must also be mindful of risks.

View Story

X-Rayted Files: Three or More Intriguing Thoughts on Reshoring

11-29-2021

The ground beneath us is always shifting, and while the term “unprecedented” can be somewhat overused, it does seem to be a little tougher to keep our balance these days. For almost every economic disruption, there emerges some argument for how reshoring can mitigate it. This time around, though, there’s a bit of a tug-o-war between the disruptions that are shaping the manufacturing landscape and the broader economy. I’m no economist, but as a dyed in the wool entrepreneur I’d like to share three thoughts about the future of manufacturing with a focus on reshoring, the talent pool, and the joy of making things.

View Story

The X-Rayted Files: Was CS Model 101 Built on Industry 4.0?

10-27-2021

While smart devices like sleep trackers that monitor the quality of our ZZs are exciting to some, for others it induces the fear of becoming subject to robot overlords. Regardless, the age of IoT is upon us, and as manufacturers, IoT is just one facet of the broader Industry 4.0.

View Story

X-Rayted Files: Radiation’s Effects on Electronic Components

09-22-2021

Whether it’s from naturally occurring sources or induced by modern human ingenuity, electronic components, like everything else, are subject to regular exposure to radiation. It is vital to understand the various sources of radiation exposure as well as their likely effects on today’s microelectronics and the devices they make possible.

View Story

X-Rayted Files: Semiconductor Shortage—Avoiding Counterfeit Components

08-11-2021

From bicycles to sundries, from consumer electronics to automobiles, shortages and supply chain issues have hampered an otherwise strong economic recovery much of the world emerge from the pandemic. Among these challenges, none has received more media attention than the semiconductor shortage.

View Story

X-Rayted Files: Tales from the Files of Lithium-ion Batteries

06-23-2021

Lithium-ion batteries have, in part, enabled the continued miniaturization of the devices we love. They have also played an important role in making practical electric cars a reality. But like other approaches high density energy storage, they do present risks.

View Story

X-Rayted Files: Genius, Evil, or Evil Genius?

05-20-2021

Apple dominates its market in many ways. Is this genius for the consumer, or does it effectively rule out any competition? Columnist Bill Cardoso debates its merits—and disadvantages for other players.

View Story

X-Rayted Files: Crafting Our ‘Next Normal’

04-20-2021

As profound an experience as it has been to lead an enterprise through the pandemic, what’s to come may make every bit as much of an impression. So many things that we took for granted as practices and behaviors etched in stone, were interrupted, suspended, or eliminated entirely. As we exit the tunnel into the light of the post-pandemic, we will be challenged collectively in crafting the next normal.

View Story

X-Rayted Files: The Bright Side of the Chip Shortage

03-17-2021

In his previous column, “The Dark Side of the Chip Shortage: Counterfeits,” Bill addressed one of unanticipated outcome of the crisis: the shortage of electronic components and predictable wave of counterfeit components likely to flood the market. Combating that tsunami of fakes may also accelerate the adoption of advanced techniques for detecting counterfeit components.

View Story

X-Rayted Files: The Dark Side of the Chip Shortage—Counterfeits

02-17-2021

It’s February 2021, and as the world slowly recovers from the COVID-19 pandemic, another problem plagues the global economy: the electronic component shortage. What some economists have deemed to be a decade of immense prosperity and growth, the “roaring ‘20s” started with a hiccup.

View Story
Back

2020

X-Rayted Files: Solving for the Limits of Human Visual Inspection

12-16-2020

Because a key element of quality control in manufacturing is still good old-fashioned visual inspection, it’s important to understand the ability of operators to sustain their focus and what we can do to support their success. And while the fallibility of human inspection presents challenges, Dr. Bill Cardoso details how there are many ways to address shortcomings.

View Story

X-Rayted Files: iPhone Transparency—A Window Into SMT

11-17-2020

Though we don’t do them just for fun, teardowns are fun, but they have also taught us more than we could have imagined. Modern teardowns provide critical insights into the nature and construction of these devices. As an example, Dr. Bill Cardoso details the history of the iPhone as told through X-ray.

View Story

X-Rayted Files: A Century of X-Rays in the Automotive Industry, Part 2

10-28-2020

As one of the main users of X-ray inspection, the automotive industry has been one of the main drivers for the development of higher power and higher resolution X-ray imaging systems. Dr. Bill Cardoso continues with Part 2 of this column series.

View Story

X-Rayted Files: A Century of X-Rays in the Automotive Industry, Part 1

09-29-2020

If you have read any of Bill Cardoso's previous columns, you know that he is passionate about X-rays, cars, and electronics. In this column series, he talks about some of his idols, including Curie, Roentgen, Marconi, Galvin, and Ford.

View Story

X-Rayted Files: Is Quality Really Priceless?

08-19-2020

In a day and age when we can learn virtually anything online, manufacturers still manage to be opaque about pricing, especially when it comes to specialty equipment. Some may say, “Quality is priceless,” but Bill Cardoso explains how it isn't.

View Story

X-Rayted Files: Marching Toward 2021, 20 Miles at a Time

07-29-2020

We’re only at the halfway mark, and 2020 has been a real challenge. Our best-laid plans have been cast in doubt by the COVID-19 pandemic. During this transformational time, Dr. Bill Cardoso looks back a century for a bit of inspiration from Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen.

View Story

X-Rayted Files: E-Commerce Boom Fraught With Risk—X-Rays to the Rescue

06-17-2020

It’s not news that online sales are increasing dramatically during this global pandemic. However, with increased sales comes the increased risk of return fraud and abuse. Dr. Bill Cardoso explains how X-ray can help detect dummy and counterfeit merchandise.

View Story

X-Rayted Files: Why Do We Break Stuff? Intelligence From Teardowns

05-20-2020

The impulse to break a new gadget to "see what's inside" and to “learn how it works” is often the first sign someone will become an engineer. We’ve learned a lot in over a decade of teardowns, which have helped us to understand how the SMT industry has changed over these years. Bill Cardoso investigates.

View Story

X-Rayted Inspection: Manufacturing in the Eye of a Pandemic

04-08-2020

Dr. Bill Cardoso usually writes about X-ray inspection, artificial intelligence, machine learning, and how it all connects to Industry 4.0. This month, however, he shifts gears and shares some of the things Creative Electron has been doing during the COVID-19 outbreak.

View Story

X-rayted Files: X-ray and AI—A Match Made In Heaven, Part 2

03-18-2020

In Part 1, Dr. Bill Cardoso covered the basics of the relationship between X-ray inspection and artificial intelligence (AI). In Part 2, Cardoso takes a step forward to cover some of the practical ways we use AI to improve the efficiency of our X-ray inspections.

View Story
Back

2019

X-Rayted Files: Will Radiation Damage My Electronic Component?

12-17-2019

Before I start talking about radiation damage on electronic components, let me warn you: if you are looking for a simple “yes” or “no” answer to the question, "Will radiation damage my electronic component?" stop reading now. Things will get complicated. You may feel like I did not answer the question at all, and you would be correct. There are whole conferences dedicated to this question (check IEEE’s Nuclear and Space Radiation Effects Conference), so the goal of this column is to give you some background to guide you to the right answer for your specific situation. Ultimately, the best way is to ask an expert.

View Story

X-Rayted Files: The Currency of Technology

11-11-2019

In the ever-moving tide of technology, the need to innovate requires a constant shift in vision, and this need has never been more evident than in PCB manufacturing. In fact, innovation has become so valuable that PCBs are quickly becoming the currency of technology. Dr. Bill Cardoso explains.

View Story

X-Rayted Files: The Risk of Installing Counterfeit Parts

10-02-2019

In high-tech manufacturing, the use of sub-standard components can be catastrophic. There is no greater need for quality control than in PCBs, as they are only as good as the components installed on them; therein lies the problem. Some components shipped to manufacturers are counterfeit!

View Story

X-Rayted Files: Just Because You Can't See the Problem Doesn't Mean It's Not There!

08-20-2019

In this new column, Dr. Bill Cardoso will cover everything related to X-rays from cool historical facts to the latest in technological advancements, starting with the discovery of X-rays in 1895.

View Story
Copyright © 2022 I-Connect007. All rights reserved.